Ferdinand Grapperhaus worked for law firm Schut & Grosheide from 1984, moving to Loeff Claeys Verbeke in 1998. From 2000 onwards he was employment law partner at Allen & Overy in Amsterdam. In his work as a litigation lawyer, Mr Grapperhaus focused chiefly on collective labour disputes, works council issues and individual employment issues. He also advised management and supervisory boards on governance. From 2015 to 1 September 2017 he was actively involved in Allen & Overy’s CSR policy as chairman of the board. From 2005 onwards he was also a part-time professor of European Employment Law at Maastricht University. On 26 October 2017 Ferdinand Grapperhaus was appointed Minister of Justice and Security in the third Rutte government.